About Design Science in Entrepreneurship

Casual Meeting

Explaining Entrepreneurship as Design Science

Entrepreneurship-as-design-science is a distinct scientific approach to entrepreneurship that it is primarily interested in design knowledge. Following Simon (1996) design knowledge can be defined as the knowledge on devising ‘action aimed at changing existing situations into preferred ones’. Design science tackles ‘how to’ questions: Whereas the ‘how’ refers to the actions, the ‘to’ refers to the preferred situations in Simon’s terminology. Examples of such questions are: ‘How to design entrepreneurship training effectively?’ or 'How to develop an ecosystem strategy?’ Following the scientific method, entrepreneurship-as-design-science poses a problem against a scientific body of knowledge, uses scientifically rigorous methods, and checks them against the body of scientific knowledge.

Entrepreneurship-as-design-science is different from mainstream research of entrepreneurship-as-science. The aim of entrepreneurship-as-science is to contribute to explanatory knowledge on entrepreneurship instead of contributing to design knowledge devising entrepreneurial action. Entrepreneurship-as-design-science is also distinct from entrepreneurship-as-practice as the latter does not generate scientific knowledge. The different approaches are nevertheless united. While entrepreneurship-as-design-science shares the ultimate value of entrepreneurship-as-practice of being useful, it shares with entrepreneurship-as-science that it makes use of the scientific method in developing knowledge.


Design Science in Entrepreneurship

Opportunities as Artifacts and Entrepreneurship as Design.

Berglund, H., Bousfiha, M. and Mansoori, Y. (2020).

Beyond bridging rigor and relevance: The three-body problem in entrepreneurship.

Berglund, H., Dimov, D., & Wennberg, K. (2018)

Toward a design science of entrepreneurship.

Dimov, D. (2016)


Presentations from the Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference (2021)

Entrepreneurship as Design (Science)

Henrik Berglund


How to publish design science work in entrepreneurship & management journals

Georges Romme

What makes good Design?

Jan vom Brocke



Modern Classics in Design Science Research

Design science in information systems research. ​

Hevner, A. R., March, S. T., Park, J., & Ram, S. (2004)

Design and Natural Science Research on Information Technology.

March ST, Smith GF (1995)

Making a Difference: Organization as Design.

Romme, A. G. L. (2003)


Publishing Design Science Research

Positioning and Presenting Design Science Research for Maximum Impact.

Gregor S, Hevner AR (2013)

Conducting and publishing design science research: Inaugural essay of the design science department of the Journal of Operations Management.

van Aken, J., Chandrasekaran, A., & Halman, J. (2016)

The DSR grid: six core dimensions for effectively planning and communicating design science research projects.

vom Brocke, J., & Maedche, A. (2019)


Design Theory and Design Principles

Management Research Based on the Paradigm of the Design Sciences: The Quest for Field-Tested and Grounded Technological Rules.

van Aken JE (2004)

The Anatomy of a Design Theory.

Gregor S and Jones D (2007)

Improving employees' compliance through information systems security training: an action research study.

Puhakainen, P., & Siponen, M. (2010)

Accumulation and evolution of design knowledge in design science research: A journey through time and space.

vom Brocke, J., Winter, R., Hevner, A., & Maedche, A. (2019)


Some Philosophical Underpinnings - Bunge’s Notion of Technology

Social Science under Debate: A Philosophical Perspective.

Bunge, M. (1999).

Finding philosophy in social science.

Bunge, M. (1996).

Philosophical dictionary. Key words: Technology and Philosophy of Technology.

Bunge, M. A. (2003).


Supervising Master/Bachelor Theses Following A Design Science Approach

Problem solving in organizations.

Van Aken, J. E., & Berends, H. (2018).


Other interesting reads

The sciences of the artificial.

Simon, H. A. (1996).

A design science research methodology for information systems research.

Peffers, Ken; Tuunanen, Tuure; Rothenberger, Marcus A.; Chatterjee, Samir (2007).

An introduction to design science.

Johannesson, Paul; Perjons, Erik (2014).

Action design research.

Sein, M. K., Henfridsson, O., Purao, S., Rossi, M., & Lindgren, R. (2011).